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ISO 1628-2:1998

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Plastics — Determination of the viscosity of polymers in dilute solution using capillary viscometers — Part 2: Poly(vinyl chloride) resins

This part of ISO 1628 specifies conditions for the determination of the reduced viscosity (also known as viscosity

number) and K-value of PVC resins. It is applicable to resins in powder form which consist of homopolymers of the

monomer vinyl chloride and copolymers, terpolymers, etc., of vinyl chloride with one or more other monomers, but

where vinyl chloride is the main constituent. The resins may contain small amounts of unpolymerized substances (e.g.

emulsifying or suspending agents, catalyst residues, etc.) and other substances added during the course of the

polymerization. This part of ISO 1628 is not applicable, however, to resins having a volatile-matter content in excess of

0,5 % ± 0,1 %, when determined in accordance with ISO 1269. In addition to this, it is not applicable to resins which are

not entirely soluble in cyclohexanone.

The reduced viscosity and K-value of a particular resin are related to its molecular mass, but the relationship varies

depending on the concentration and type(s) of other monomer(s) present. Hence homopolymers and copolymers

having the same reduced viscosity or K-value may not have the same molecular mass.

The values determined for reduced viscosity and K-value, for a particular sample of PVC resin, are influenced

differently by the concentration of the solution chosen for the determination. Hence the use of the procedures described

in this part of ISO 1628 will only give values for reduced viscosity and K-value that are comparable when the

concentrations of the solutions used are identical.

Limiting viscosity number is not used for PVC resins.

The experimental procedures described in this part of ISO 1628 can also be used to characterize the polymeric fraction

obtained during the chemical analysis of a PVC composition. However, the values calculated for the reduced viscosity

and K-value in these circumstances may not indicate the actual values for the resin used to produce the composition

because of the impure nature of the recovered polymer fraction.

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Related Information

Similar Standards

  • BS 1524:1993

    Specification for cellulose acetate moulding materials

  • BS 2571:1990

    Specification for general-purpose flexible PVC compounds for moulding and extrusion

  • BS 2782-1:Method 130A:1991

    Methods of testing plastics. Thermal properties, Determination of the thermal stability of polyvinyl chloride by the Congo red method

  • BS 2782-1:Method 131B:1983

    Methods of testing plastics. Thermal properties, Determination of extensibility after heat ageing of flexible polyvinyl chloride sheet

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