The computer, tablet, or smartphone you are using to read this is comprised of parts and components that were developed, manufactured, and assembled in different locations around the US and the globe, yet was designed carefully to ensure that your device is safe and interoperable with other devices. We don’t spend much time thinking or worrying about how our electronics work or if they are safe, due largely to the ingenuity of the companies that make these products and their willingness to collaborate with each other to develop technologies that are safe, innovative, and interoperable. While these companies do an excellent job in designing our products, it is important to remember that governments also play a critical role in ensuring the products that impact on our daily lives are safe, effective, and protective of the environment.
Since the enactment of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act in 1995, USA Federal regulatory agencies have been guided by the Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) Circular A-119, Federal Participation in the Development and Use of Voluntary Consensus Standards and in Conformity Assessment Activities. In 1998, OMB issued a revised version of Circular A-119, which has been guiding agencies on the use of voluntary consensus standards in regulation and on conformity assessment ever since.
Over the intervening years since those revisions, the scope of economic activity and technology innovation has become increasingly global, and its complexity requires governments to collaborate more closely with the private sector, other stakeholders, and each other. Many of the regulations that USA agencies issue every year rely on the work of standards developers and providers of conformity assessment services in the private sector. Many of these regulations impact companies, workers, and consumers both inside and outside the USA. As the worlds of regulation, standards, and trade increasingly intersect, and domestic and international interests increasingly overlap, close collaboration within the USA government on these issues has become critical, as has a more comprehensive approach.
Comprehensive proposal to update Circular A-119
In light of these significant changes that have taken place since 1998, OMB has joined together with the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to develop a comprehensive proposal to update Circular A-119. This forward-looking proposal includes important and timely updates to US policies on how standards and conformity assessment support regulation, procurement, international regulatory cooperation, and other government functions. The proposed changes will help:
- strengthen implementation of international trade rules, to prevent the creation of trade barriers, and avoiding unnecessary regulatory differences with key trading partners
- support a flexible, transparent, and innovative USA standards system for the 21st Century that promotes economic growth, competitiveness, and job creation
- reduce regulatory complexity, duplication, and costs on companies, workers, consumers and the USA Government itself, as well as cumulative burdens on the economy, through promoting retrospective review of existing regulations and increased reliance on private sector solutions, where appropriate
- ensure that USA regulations reflect state of the art technical solutions for purposes of interoperability, as well as to protect the health, safety, and welfare of the American public and environment.
Summarised from an article by Howard Shelanski, Miriam Sapiro, and Patrick Gallagher on the US Office of Management and Budget website, 14 February 2014.