Issue 50 – June 2013
New Zealand has several Standards for toy safety that apply to toys that are made in New Zealand and those that are imported from other countries. Standards for toy safety include the following.
- The AS/NZS ISO 8124 set, which covers many aspects such as the structural characteristics, flammability, and toxicity of toys, as well as the safety aspects of activity-type toys.
- AS/NZS 62115, which covers the safety of electric toys.
AS/NZS ISO 8124.1:2013 Safety of toys – Part 1: Safety aspects related to mechanical and physical properties
AS/NZS ISO 8124.1:2013 provides a specification for general safety, construction, and labelling requirements for toys. The Standard specifies the acceptable criteria for the structural characteristics of toys, such as:
- spacing (including rattles, small parts, sharp points and edges, and hinge-line clearances).
The Standard also specifies acceptable criteria for properties peculiar to certain categories of toy (for example, maximum kinetic energy values for non-resilient-tipped projectiles and minimum tip angles for certain ride-on toys).
The 2002 version of AS/NZS ISO 8124.1 is referenced in The Product Safety Standards (Children's Toys) Regulations 2005 as a product safety Standard.
AS/NZS ISO 8124.2:2009 Safety of toys – Part 2: Flammability
AS/NZS ISO 8124.2 specifies the categories of flammable materials that are prohibited in all toys, and the flammability requirements of certain toys when they are subjected to a minor source of ignition. It also provides flammability labelling requirements for certain materials used in or on toys.
AS/NZS ISO 8124.3:2013 Safety of toys – Part 3: Migration of certain elements
AS/NZS 8124.3 provides toxicity requirements for toys and toxicity labelling requirements for certain materials used in toys. It specifies the maximum acceptable levels and methods of sampling and extraction before analysis for the migration of certain elements from toy materials and from parts of toys.
The 2003 version of AS/NZS ISO 8124.3 is referenced in the Graphic Materials Group Standard 2009 and the Unsafe Goods (Lead in Children's Toy's) Indefinite Prohibition Notice 2009.
AS/NZS ISO 8124.6:2011 Safety of toys – Part 6: Swings, slides and similar activity toys for indoor and outdoor family domestic use
AS/NZS ISO 8124.6 aims to provide requirements to minimise the risk from certain specific hazards associated with the referenced products when used in a domestic environment. It covers products such as swings, slides, seesaws, carousels, rocking toys, climbing frames, fully enclosed toddler swing seats, and other products intended to bear the mass of one or more children.
AS/NZS 8124.9:2008 Safety of toys – Part 9: Organic chemical compounds – Requirements
This Standard specifies requirements for the migration or content of certain hazardous organic chemical compounds from or in certain toys and materials by mouthing, ingestion, skin contact, eye contact, and inhalation.
AS/NZS 8124.10:2008 Safety of toys – Part 10: Organic chemical compounds – Sample preparation and extraction
This Standard specifies sample preparation and extraction procedures for establishing the release from those toys for which requirements exist in AS/NZS 8124.9.
AS/NZS 8124.11:2008 Safety of toys – Organic chemical compounds – Methods of analysis
AS/NZS 8124.11 specifies methods for the analysis of toy and toy material extracts prepared according to the sampling procedures in AS 8124.10, to enable assessment of compliance with the chemical requirements specified in AS 8124.9.
AS/NZS 62115:2011 Electric toys – Safety
AS/NZS 62115 deals with the safety of toys that have at least one function dependent on electricity. Examples of toys within the scope of this Standard are constructional sets, experimental sets, models that have a function similar to an appliance or installation used by adults, computer toys, and toy computers.
- Read a case study pdf on the benefits of Standards to one New Zealand toy importer
- Read about the product safety Standard for toys on the Commerce Commission website (http://www.comcom.govt.nz/children-s-toys/)