World Standards Day is a means of paying tribute to the collaborative efforts of the thousands of experts worldwide who develop the voluntary technical agreements that are published as standards.
This year the theme is 'International Standards and the Fourth Industrial Revolution', which refers to the new technologies that are transforming how society makes and does things. These technologies are blurring the boundaries between the digital and the real world. Examples include artificial intelligence, 3D printing (additive manufacturing), and the internet of things.
Just as standards were crucial during the first industrial revolution, over 250 years ago, they will also play a critical role in the fourth.
The ‘fourth industrial revolution’ refers to the emerging technologies that are blurring the traditional boundaries between the physical, digital, and biological worlds. This increased connectivity of people and things will impact the way we produce, trade, and communicate, much like steam power transformed production methods and the way of life of many societies during the first industrial revolution.
In the 18th century, the transition from manual work to machinery and factory work raised the need for standards. For example, to replace machine parts and enable specialised mass production of components.
Today, standards will once more play a key role in the transition to a new era. The speed of change we are witnessing would not be possible without them. Innovators rely on standards to ensure compatibility and interoperability, so that new technologies can be seamlessly adopted. They are also a vehicle to spread knowledge and innovation globally.
The rapid pace of change brought by the fourth industrial revolution has its challenges. Robots and artificial intelligence will take over more and more tasks previously done by humans, additive manufacturing (also known as 3D printing) will change the way we make goods, and give us the ability to ‘print things’ at home, and as everything from planes to baby monitors are connected digitally, the vulnerability of data and the consequences of a breach are growing exponentially. These are only some examples of the issues presented by a new generation of smart technologies characterised by big data, increased integration, cloud storage and open communication of devices. Standards are a powerful way to ensure safety and minimise risk. For example, security standards can keep our data safe and deter hackers. Safety standards for robots will make interaction with humans easier.
The fourth industrial revolution has begun, but in order to seize its full potential for the betterment of society, standards are needed.